Reasons for Tooth Extractions and the Procedure for the Same
Getting wisdom teeth removed is not the only reason why some teenagers and adults undergo tooth extractions. Tooth removal may be necessary for many other reasons during adulthood.
Tooth extractions are required if you are affected by overcrowding, tooth infection, or excessive tooth decay. If you plan orthodontic treatment with braces, you may need a couple of teeth removed to make space for your other teeth when they shift into place.
People undergoing chemotherapy or about to undergo an organ transplant must have any compromised teeth removed from their mouths to keep it healthy.
Dentists or oral surgeons perform tooth extractions in a relatively quick outpatient procedure administering local, intravenous, or general anesthesia or a combination of the three. Removing visible teeth requires a simple extraction, while teeth broken and below the gum line’s surface need a more involved procedure with a surgical extraction.
How Do You Prepare for Tooth Extractions?
Before scheduling your procedure, tooth extractions in Calgary, AB, takes x-rays of your tooth and inquires about any medications you are taking, including vitamins, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs.
It would be incredibly helpful to provide the dentist with information about treatments for another medical condition with the intravenous drug bisphosphonate. In such cases, the extraction must be scheduled before the treatment with the drug to ensure your jaw is not at risk for osteonecrosis.
You will be helping yourself by telling your dentist or any other conditions you may suffer from, including the following:
- Liver disease.
- Thyroid disease.
- Renal disease.
- Adrenal disease.
- Impaired immune systems.
- Or a history of bacterial endocarditis.
Your dentist may want to ensure all conditions after black or treated before you undergo tooth extraction. During the days leading to the procedure, you may be prescribed antibiotics if your procedure is expected to be long or have a specific medical condition.
The Tooth Extraction Procedure
The tooth extraction procedure, as mentioned earlier, will either be simple or surgical.
If you are undergoing a simple extraction, you are administered local anesthesia to numb the area around your tooth. You will feel some pressure but no pain during the removal. The Calgary dentist uses an elevator to loosen your tooth before removing it with forceps.
You are administered local and intravenous anesthesia if you are undergoing a surgical procedure. Intravenous anesthesia makes you calm and relaxed. However, you may receive general anesthesia if you have any medical conditions. General anesthesia renders your unconscious throughout the procedure.
The Calgary dentist cuts open your gums, making small incisions to remove bone around the tooth or cut the tooth in pieces for convenient removal.
Regardless of whether your procedure is surgical or straightforward, it requires a maximum of one hour to accomplish.
Risks Associated with Tooth Extractions
Some risks are associated with tooth extractions. However, if your dentist has recommended it, the benefits are likely to outweigh any complications.
After tooth extractions, a blood clot usually forms naturally in the socket. However, if the blood clot does not constitute or dislodges, it exposes the bone inside the socket. An occurrence of this type is called a dry socket, and when it happens, your dentist will protect the extraction site by dressing it up with sedatives for a few days until new clot forms. Other risks involved with tooth extractions include:
- You continue bleeding for over 12 hours.
- You have severe fever and chills, indicating an infection.
- You have chest pain and shortness of breath or nausea and vomiting.
- Swelling and redness are visible at the surgical site.
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned, you must contact your dentist for advice as soon as possible.
Recovering from Tooth Extractions
Recovering from tooth extractions requires a few days, but if you want your recovery to proceed smoothly, you can follow the self-care tips mentioned below:
- After the procedure, apply an ice pack to your cheeks directly for short durations of 10 minutes each.
- Take any medications as prescribed by your dentist, including over-the-counter painkillers.
- Tooth extractions are an excellent time to get some rest. Therefore stay away from work or any strenuous activity for at least 24 hours.
- Brush and floss your teeth as you usually do by avoiding the extraction site.
- The day after the procedure, you can have soft foods like pudding, yogurt, or applesauce. You can reintroduce other foods to your diet as you heal over the next few days.
If you experience any persistent pain or signs of infection, make an appointment to see tooth extractions near you as soon as possible.